The First World War was one of the earliest wars where aerial warfare was used, and York was affected by German attacks. There were three bombings in May 1916 from Zeppelins when nine people were killed and 28 were seriously injured, and there was a further bombing in November 1916.
After peace was declared 10,000 people attended a service of thanksgiving at York Minster. The NER’s monument to the war dead, the railway had lost 2,236 staff, is situated just inside the city walls, and initial plans were to merge the memorial with the wall were proposed, but refused. The monument was designed by Edwin Lutyens and was completed in 1923.
One of the tens of thousands of York men who died fighting in the First World War was Alfred Metcalfe.