Education in the city started primarily in conjunction with the religious institutions and St. Peter’s School, founded by an Archbishop of York, is thought to be the third oldest school in the world which is still in existence today. In 1546 Archbishop Holgate founded the grammar school in the city which still exists, with the Cathedral School of St. Peter in York being refounded soon after.

Other schools include Bootham School, the Grey Coat School, Bilton Street School, established in the 1830s and closed in the 1950s, since demolished, the Yorkshire School for the Blind and the York Spinning School on St. Andrewgate, also now demolished.

Plans for a university in York were made in the seventeenth century, but it wasn’t until the mid twentieth century that the University of York was founded.